Ted (film)
Ted poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster with original release date
Directed by Seth MacFarlane
Produced by John Jacobs
Scott Stuber
Seth MacFarlane
Wellesley Wild
Jason Clark
Written by Seth MacFarlane
Music by Walter Murphy
Cinematography Michael Barrett
Studio Media Rights Capital
Fuzzy Door Productions
Smart Entertainment
Bluegrass Films
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date June 29, 2012 (U.S., English)
Running time 106 minutes (theatrical version)
115 minutes (extended version)
Budget $50[1]–$65 million[2]

Ted, stylized as ted, is a 2012 American comedy film, directed by Seth MacFarlane and written by John Jacobs, Scott Stuber, MacFarlane, Wellesley Wild, and Jason Clark. It stars Mark Wahlberg as John Bennett, Mila Kunis as Lori Collins, and MacFarlane as the voice of Ted. It features Giovanni Ribisi as Donny, Joel McHale as Rex, Jessica Barth as Tami-Lynn McCafferty, Aedin Mincks as Robert, and Sam J. Jones as himself.

The film is MacFarlane's feature-length directorial debut,[2] produced by Media Rights Capital and distributed by Universal Pictures. It was released on June 29, 2012, and received generally positive reviews and was a commercial success, becoming the 12th highest-grossing film of 2012, the highest-grossing R-rated film of the year, and the highest-grossing original R-rated comedy of all time.[3][4][5] The film also received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song.

A sequel Ted 2 was released on June 26, 2015.

Plot[edit | edit source]

In 1985, eight-year-old John Bennett is an only child living in Norwood, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston, who wished for his new Christmas gift, a jumbo teddy bear named Ted, to come to life and become his friend. The wish coincides with a shooting star and comes true; word spread and Ted was briefly a celebrity.

27 years later, John, now 35, and Ted are still living in Boston and are still staunch companions enjoying a hedonistic life. John is dating Lori Collins, who is from Philadelphia. As their anniversary approaches, Lori hopes to marry John but feels he could not move forward with Ted around. John is hesitant about making Ted leave, but he is persuaded to act when they find Ted at home with a group of prostitutes.

John finds Ted his own apartment and a job at a grocery store, where Ted begins dating his co-worker Tami-Lynn. Lori learns that John has been skipping work, using her as an excuse, to continue to spend most of his time with Ted. John and Lori are invited to a party put on by Lori's womanizing manager Rex, but Ted lures John away to a party at his apartment with the offer to meet Sam J. Jones, the star of their favorite film, Flash Gordon. John intends to stay only a few minutes but gets caught up in the occasion. Lori finds John there and breaks up with him. John blames Ted for ruining his life and banishes him.

John and Ted confront each other about their ruined friendship and they fight but manage to reconcile after a violent brawl in their hotel room. To repair John's relationship with Lori, Ted arranges for an old lover, singer Norah Jones, to help by having John express his love for Lori with a song during her concert. He does an off-key rendition of Octopussy theme song, All Time High, by Rita Coolidge and is booed offstage. Lori is touched by the attempt and returns to her apartment where Ted confesses to his role in John's relapse and offers to leave them alone forever if she talks to John.

Lori is persuaded, but Ted is kidnapped by Donny, an obsessive stalker who idolized Ted as a child. Donny plans to make Ted his brutish son Robert's new toy. Ted manages to reach a phone to contact John but is immediately recaptured. Realizing Ted is in danger, John and Lori locate Donny's residence and track him to rescue Ted. The chase leads to Fenway Park, where John punches Robert, but during the chase, Ted is damaged and falls onto the field ripped entirely in half. A police car arrives, forcing Donny to flee. John and Lori gather Ted's stuffing and Ted relays his wish that John be happy with Lori before dying from his injuries.

Unable to accept Ted's death, a distraught John and Lori attempt to repair Ted, which proves useless. Feeling saddened about the incident, Lori makes a wish on a shooting star. The next morning, John hangs his head while looking over Ted's dead body. Ted is magically restored and reconciles with John and Lori, encouraging them to resume their relationship. John and Lori are married (with Sam Jones as the presiding minister), and Ted comfortably accepts having a life of his own as he and Tami-Lynn continued their love affair. Sam Jones attempts to restart his career and moves into a studio apartment with Brandon Routh. Rex gives up his pursuit of Lori, goes into a deep depression, and dies of Lou Gehrig's disease. Donny gets arrested by the Boston Police Department for kidnapping Ted, but police cannot arrest him as kidnapping a bear toy is not illegal. Robert hires a personal trainer, loses a significant amount of weight, and goes on to become Taylor Lautner.

Cast[edit | edit source]

Voices[edit | edit source]

Cast notes[edit | edit source]

  • Before the film was released, young Ted's voice actors were rumored to have been Danny Anderson (who was also rumored to have portrayed young John) and Zachary Gordon. Afterwards, it was confirmed that the real voice actor is Zane Cowans.
  • It was also rumored that Ray Romano appeared as himself and Alec Baldwin appeared as a character named Dan, but these were complete errors.
  • Originally, John's parents' names were intended to be Joe and Gina, but their names were changed to Steve and Helen.

Production[edit | edit source]

Seth MacFarlane's directorial debut is a live-action effort, with computer animation handled by visual effects facilities Tippett Studio and Iloura. MacFarlane wrote the screenplay with his Family Guy colleagues Alec Sulkin and Wellesley Wild.[6] MacFarlane announced the movie in an episode of Conan on February 10, 2011.

Filming began in May 2011 in Boston and Swampscott, both in Massachusetts.[7]

Its North American release was scheduled for July 13, 2012, but this was changed to June 29, following the delay of G.I. Joe: Retaliation.[8] The movie was released in Australia on July 5[9] and on August 1 in the United Kingdom. [10]

Reception[edit | edit source]

Critical reception[edit | edit source]

Ted has received positive reviews, with critics praising Seth MacFarlane's comic performance, as well as Mark Wahlberg's portrayal of John Bennett. The film currently has a 70% rating on Rotten Tomatoes with 181 reviews, with an average score of 6.4 / 10, saying "Ted's "romance versus bromance" plot is familiar, but the movie's held aloft by the high-concept central premise and a very funny (albeit inconsistent) script".[11] Based on the top critics, the film holds a 67% "fresh" rating based on 12 reviews, with an average score of 6.9 / 10. Review aggregate Metacritic has given the movie a weighted score of 62, based on 37 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews."[12]

Roger Ebert gave the movie a 3.5 stars citing the movie as "the best comedy screenplay so far [this year]," also praising the film on the fact that it "doesn't run out of steam".

Nathan Rabin of The A. V. Club gave Ted a B grade.[13]

Brent MacNight of Beyond Hollywood commented on the jokes, "Some of these jokes hit, some jokes miss.[14]

On the other hand, A. O. Scott of The New York Times called Ted "boring, lazy and wildly unoriginal."[15]

Box office[edit | edit source]

As of August 20, 2012, the film had earned $351,272,582, of which $213,064,385 was in North America and $138,208,197 in foreign markets.[16]

The film earned $2.6 million in midnight showings.[17] For its opening day, Ted scored one of the best R-rated comedy debuts ever since The Hangover with an estimated $20.2 million.[18][16] The film earned a total of $54.4 million in its opening weekend in the U.S. and Canada, well over 2nd-place Magic Mike's $39.2 million.[19] Its overall weekend gross set a record for the highest original R-rated comedy opening in history.[20]

The film earned $14.3 million in the United Kingdom, making it the 3rd-best debut ever for a Universal movie behind Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason and King Kong. It also had a $7.4 million launch in Germany and had the best Hollywood comedy debut ever in Russia, grossing $5.5 million.[21] In Spain, it opened with $2.3 million, which is the highest ever for an original R-rated comedy.[22]

It also debuted at No. 1 in Australia and New Zealand, grossing nearly $35 million and $3 million so far.[23]

Release[edit | edit source]

Home media[edit | edit source]

Ted was released on DVD and Blu-ray in the United States on December 11, 2012 by Universal Studios Home Entertainment. Both formats were released in Australia on November 21, 2012, in an "Extended Edition".[24] It was released on Blu-ray and DVD in the UK on November 26, 2012.

Accolades[edit | edit source]

Award
(ceremony)
Category Recipients and nominees Result Ref.
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award
(2012)
Breakthrough Performance Behind the Camera Seth MacFarlane Nominated
Teen Choice Awards
(2012)
Choice Summer Movie: Comedy or Music Ted Nominated [25]
Choice Movie Voice Seth MacFarlane as Ted Nominated
Choice Movie Chemistry Seth MacFarlane and Mark Wahlberg Nominated
Academy Awards
(85th)
Best Original Song "Everybody Needs a Best Friend" - Seth MacFarlane and Walter Murphy Nominated [26]
People's Choice Awards
(39th)
Favorite Comedy Movie Ted Won [27]
Empire Award
(18th)
Best Comedy Ted Won
MTV Movie Awards
(2013)
Movie of the Year Ted Nominated [28]
Best Female Performance Mila Kunis Nominated
Best Shirtless Performance Seth MacFarlane Nominated
Best Kiss Mila Kunis and Mark Wahlberg Nominated
Best Fight Seth MacFarlane and Mark Wahlberg Nominated
Best On-Screen Duo Seth MacFarlane and Mark Wahlberg Won
Best WTF Moment Seth MacFarlane Nominated
Saturn Awards
(39th)
Best Fantasy Film Ted Nominated
Critics' Choice Awards
(18th)
Best Comedy Ted Nominated
Best Actor in a Comedy Mark Wahlberg Nominated
Best Actress in a Comedy Mila Kunis Nominated
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
(2013)
Top Box Office Films Ted Won
Spike Guys' Choice Awards
(2012 / 2013)
Guy Movie of the Year Ted Won
Best Fight Scene Mark Wahlberg Won

Lawsuit[edit | edit source]

On July 16, 2014, Seth MacFarlane was hit with a lawsuit from the production company of Charlie the Abusive Teddy Bear (a series of Internet videos), claiming that Ted infringes on the copyright of its videos due to the Ted bear largely matching the background story, persona, voice tone, attitude, and dialogue of the Charlie bear.[29]

Sequel[edit | edit source]

Main article: Ted 2

A sequel titled Ted 2 was released on June 26, 2015.

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Originally, the film due to come out July 13, but following G.I. Joe: Retaliation's delay, it was moved up 2 weeks earlier.
  • Tara Strong makes her first live-action motion picture appearance since National Lampoon's Senior Trip (1995), but she only voiced Ted's "I love you" function.
  • The film has been received favorably from critics, but it has received acclaim from Seth MacFarlane's fans, praising the storyline, voice acting, visual effects, and its crude humor.
  • Unlike MacFarlane's projects, Ted isn't distributed or produced by 20th Century Fox, his main company for making TV shows. Instead, it is handled by Universal Pictures.
  • MacFarlane originally wanted to make Ted into an animated series, in a similar way to his shows Family Guy, American Dad, and The Cleveland Show, as revealed in the behind the scenes.
  • This is MacFarlane's first live-action work, except for Ted, who's animated through motion capture.

References to Family Guy[edit | edit source]

  • During the party scene, Ted mentions Peter Griffin's name.
  • The scene where Lori tells John to give her his car keys after lying to her about visiting Ted is loosely based on "Saving Private Brian," where Chris tells Quagmire to give him the car keys, otherwise, he'll beat him up. But in this movie, Lori just told him to give her the car keys.
  • In addition to Seth MacFarlane (Peter, Stewie, Brian, and various other characters) and Mila Kunis (Meg), several cast members from the series also made minor or cameo appearances, such as, Alex Borstein (Lois and various other characters) as Helen, Patrick Warburton (Joe) as Guy, Ralph Garman (additional cast) as Steve, Tara Strong (various characters until season 4) as Ted's "I love you" voice box, and others from the series made cameo appearances (like Mike Henry and Danny Smith).
  • During the aquarium scene, when Ted is mocking the fishes in a variety of voices, one of them are Stewie's voice.
    • Oddly, Ted and Stewie are both voiced by Seth MacFarlane.
  • During the fight between John and Ted, we can hear some punching sounds from the series.
  • Ted borrows music tones from Family Guy, likely because the music is performed by Walter Murphy (who also performed the show's music).
  • The opening sequence and the ending credits both have a similar letter font from Family Guy.

Footages[edit | edit source]

  • A brief footage of SpongeBob SquarePants from an episode from the show is shown towards the beginning of the film.
  • A footage of Flash Gordon is shown in some scenes.
    • Interestingly, Sam J. Jones made two cameo appearances in the film as himself during Ted's party and as the wedding priest at John and Lori's wedding.
  • A parody footage of Airplane! is seen when John and Lori are talking about how they first met. The only difference is the characters are different.

References[edit | edit source]

Coming soon!

External links[edit | edit source]

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • 2.0 2.1 Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

    Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Fleming, Mike" defined multiple times with different content
    
  • 'Ted' passes 'The Hangover' as the highest grossing original R-rated comedy of all time Entertainment Weekly
  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Seth MacFarlane's Ted now scheduled for theatrical release June 29th
  • "Ted" on Village Cinemas
  • "Ted" - Film dates
  • http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/ted_2012
  • http://www.metacritic.com/movie/ted
  • http://www.avclub.com/articles/ted,81842/
  • http://www.beyondhollywood.com/ted-2012-movie-review/
  • http://movies.nytimes.com/2012/06/29/movies/ted-by-seth-macfarlane-with-mark-wahlberg-and-mila-kunis.html
  • 16.0 16.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named boxoffice
  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Box Office Report: 'Ted' Earns Record $54.1 Mil; 'Magic Mike' Sizzles With $39.2 Mil
  • Template:Cite news
  • Around-the-World Roundup: 'Dark Knight' Rules Again
  • Ted - Foreign Total Gross
  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Cite news
  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Documentation subpage Template:High-risk Template:AWB standard installation Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Usage[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc For references with author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    For references without author credit

    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=7 April 2021}}
    {{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=April 7, 2021}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

    Template:End Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url          =
     |title        =
     |last1        =
     |first1       =
     |authorlink1  =
     |last2        =
     |first2       =
     |authorlink2  =
     |date         =
     |month        =
     |year         =
     |editor-last  =
     |editor-first =
     |editor       =
     |editor-link  =
     |editor1-last =
     |editor1-first=
     |editor1-link =
     |editor2-last =
     |editor2-first=
     |editor2-link =
     |editors      =
     |website      =
     |series       =
     |publisher    =
     |location     =
     |page         =
     |pages        =
     |at           =
     |language     =
     |trans_title  =
     |type         =
     |format       =
     |arxiv        =
     |asin         =
     |bibcode      =
     |doi          =
     |doi_brokendate    =
     |isbn         =
     |issn         =
     |jfm          =
     |jstor        =
     |lccn         =
     |mr           =
     |oclc         =
     |ol           =
     |osti         =
     |pmc          =
     |pmid         =
     |rfc          =
     |ssrn         =
     |zbl          =
     |id           =
     |archiveurl   =
     |archivedate  =
     |deadurl      =
     |accessdate   =
     |quote        =
     |ref          =
     |separator    =
     |postscript   =
     |subscription =
     |registration =
    }}
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    {{cite web
     |url        =
     |title      =
     |last       =
     |first      =
     |date       =
     |website    =
     |publisher  =
     |accessdate =
    }}
    

    Template:End

    Examples[edit source]

    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using format
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Foreign language and translated title
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using authorlink
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 |ref=harv | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web
    Using quote
    • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    Template loop detected: Template:Cite web

    Parameters[edit source]

    Syntax[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Template:Csdoc

    Deprecated[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Description[edit source]

    Authors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Title[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Date[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Publisher[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Series[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Alias: agency.

    In-source locations[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    URL[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Anchor[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Identifiers[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc Template:Csdoc

    Quote[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Editors[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Laysummary[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Display options[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Subscription or registration required[edit source]

    Template:Csdoc

    Template data[edit source]

    Template:TemplateDataHeader

    Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

    Template parameters

    ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
    URLurl

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

    Stringrequired
    Source titletitle

    The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

    Stringrequired
    Source datedate

    Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    URL access dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Website titlewebsite work

    Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

    Stringoptional
    Publisherpublisher

    Name of the publisher

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

    The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst first1

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast2 author2

    The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst2

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

    Pageoptional
    Othersothers

    Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

    Stringoptional
    Month of publicationmonth

    Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

    Stringoptional
    Year of publicationyear

    Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

    Stringoptional
    Original yearorigyear

    Original year of publication; provide specifics

    Stringoptional
    Editor last nameeditor-last

    The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

    Lineoptional
    Editor first nameeditor-first

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

    Lineoptional
    Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

    Pageoptional
    Series identifierseries

    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

    Stringoptional
    Location of publicationlocation

    Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

    Stringoptional
    Place of publicationpublication-place

    Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

    Stringoptional
    Publication datepublication-date

    Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Pagepage

    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

    Stringoptional
    Pagespages

    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

    Stringoptional
    No ppnopp

    Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

    Stringoptional
    Atat

    May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

    Stringoptional
    Languagelanguage

    The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

    Stringoptional
    Translated titletrans_title

    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

    Stringoptional
    Typetype

    Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

    Stringoptional
    Formatformat

    Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

    Stringoptional
    arXiv identifierarxiv

    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

    Stringoptional
    AZINasin

    Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

    Stringoptional
    AZIN TLDasin-tld

    ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

    Stringoptional
    Bibcodebibcode

    Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

    Stringoptional
    DOIdoi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

    Stringoptional
    DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

    Stringoptional
    ISBNisbn

    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

    Stringoptional
    ISSNissn

    International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

    Stringoptional
    jfm codejfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

    Stringoptional
    JSTORjstor

    JSTOR identifier

    Stringoptional
    LCCNlccn

    Library of Congress Control Number

    Stringoptional
    MRmr

    Mathematical Reviews identifier

    Stringoptional
    OCLCoclc

    Online Computer Library Center number

    Stringoptional
    OLol

    Open Library identifier

    Stringoptional
    OSTIosti

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

    Stringoptional
    PMCpmc

    PubMed Center article number

    Stringoptional
    PMIDpmid

    PubMed Unique Identifier

    Stringoptional
    RFCrfc

    Request for Comments number

    Stringoptional
    SSRNssrn

    Social Science Research Network

    Stringoptional
    Zblzbl

    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

    Stringoptional
    idid

    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

    Stringoptional
    Archive URLarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    Stringoptional
    Archive datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    Stringoptional
    Dead URLdeadurl

    If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

    Stringoptional
    Quotequote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    Stringoptional
    Refref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

    Stringoptional
    Separatorseparator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Postscriptpostscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

    Default
    .
    Stringoptional
    Lay URLlayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    Stringoptional
    Lay sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    Stringoptional
    Lay datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    Stringoptional
    Author maskauthor-mask

    Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

    Stringoptional
    Last namelast3 author3

    The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst3

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast4 author4

    The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst4

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast5 author5

    The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst5

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast6 author6

    The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst6 author6-link

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink6

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast7 author7

    The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst7

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast8 author8

    The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst8

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

    Pageoptional
    Last namelast9 author9

    The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

    Lineoptional
    First namefirst9

    Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

    Lineoptional
    Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

    Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

    Pageoptional
    Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

    Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ,
    Stringoptional
    Author separatorauthor-separator

    Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

    Default
    ;
    Stringoptional
    Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

    number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

    Default
    8
    Numberoptional
    Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

    When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

    Stringoptional
    Subscription requiredsubscription

    When set to yes, displays (subscription required) to indicate an online source that requires subscription

    Stringoptional
    Registration requiredregistration

    When set to yes, displays (registration required) to indicate an online source that requires registration

    Stringoptional

    See also[edit source]

    Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS

  • Template:Cite news
  • Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.